Children who bully act aggressively toward others. The aggressive acts can be physical, sexual, or verbal. They can also be done through social media or online (cyberbullying). Those targeted are called victims.
How can adults tell the difference between horseplay and bullying? It helps to look at the actions from the victim's point of view. Does the victim consider the bullying to be fun? Or is the victim upset or in physical or emotional pain?
Children and teens who bully do so for many reasons. They may:
Many children who bully have parents who verbally or physically abuse them. Some children who bully have parents who let them to do anything they want. When parents give in to their child's demands, they show their child that bullying works.
Males are more likely to be physical bullies and females are more likely to be verbal bullies. Bullies are likely to be poor students. They are also more likely to smoke cigarettes and drink alcohol. Bullies are typically not loners and misfits. They are usually popular and often get others to go along with them.
Here are some ways to prevent or stop bullying:
Bullying can lead to serious school, social, emotional, and even legal problems. If your child continues to bully others, get professional help. Ask your child's teacher, principal, school counselor, or healthcare provider for a referral.