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Eyelid Turns In or Out (Ectropion or Entropion)

What is ectropion or entropion?

Normally the upper and lower eyelids rest comfortably against the surface of your child’s eye. They help to protect the surface of your child’s eye and keep it moist and lubricated with tears.

Ectropion happens when your child’s eyelid (usually the lower eyelid) turns out away from your child’s eye. This can lead to drying of the front of your child’s eye, and may increase the risk for an infection.

Entropion happens when your child’s eyelid (usually the lower eyelid) rolls in towards your child’s eye. The edge of your child’s eyelid and the eyelashes can rub against the surface of your child’s eye and irritate it. If not treated, entropion can lead to long-term tearing problems and scarring of the surface of your child’s eye.

What is the cause?

Problems with your child’s eyelids turning in or out may be caused by:

  • Loose eyelid tissue that happens as your child gets older
  • Scar tissue that forms after an injury, surgery, sun damage, or skin cancer
  • Loss of muscle tone from damage to the nerves that control the muscles in your child’s face and eyelids
  • Eyelid spasms, swelling or irritation of your child’s eye

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms may include:

  • Dry, red eyes that feel scratchy or watery eyes
  • Gritty feeling or sharp pain in your child’s eyes
  • Decreased vision or blurry vision

How is it diagnosed?

Your eyecare provider will ask about your child’s symptoms and medical history, and do exams and tests such as an exam using a microscope with a light attached, called a slit lamp, to look closely at the front and back of your child’s eye. Your provider may also take photographs to document the appearance of your child’s eyelids and to help in your child’s follow up care

How is it treated?

For mild problems, artificial tear drops and ointment may keep your child’s eye comfortable.

Special skin tape can help pull the edge of your child’s lid and eyelashes away from the surface of your child’s eye. This makes your child’s eye feel better, but does not correct the problem.

Your child’s healthcare provider may also recommend the removal of several eyelashes to prevent them from irritating the cornea. This can be done with special tweezers, heat treatment or laser treatment.

If the problem is caused by a spasm, a very small amount of botulinum toxin A can be injected into the muscles that close your child’s eyelids. This may weaken or stop the muscle spasms for several months. The shots need to be repeated to keep spasms under control.

Your child’s healthcare provider may recommend surgery to tighten your child’s eyelid. This may be done with or without a skin graft, often using a small piece of extra skin from your child’s upper eyelid.

How can I take care of my child?

Follow the full course of treatment your healthcare provider prescribes. Ask your healthcare provider:

  • How and when you will hear your child’s test results
  • How long it will take to recover
  • What activities your child should avoid and when he can return to his normal activities
  • How to take care of your child at home
  • What symptoms or problems you should watch for and what to do if your child has them

Make sure you know when your child should come back for a checkup.

How can I prevent eyelid problems?

Eyelid problems usually cannot be prevented. However, regular eye exams will allow your child’s eyecare provider to start treatment earlier.

Reviewed for medical accuracy by faculty at the Wilmer Eye Institute at Johns Hopkins. Web site: http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/wilmer/
Developed by RelayHealth.
Pediatric Advisor 2013.2 published by RelayHealth.
Last modified: 2012-12-31
Last reviewed: 2012-12-31
This content is reviewed periodically and is subject to change as new health information becomes available. The information is intended to inform and educate and is not a replacement for medical evaluation, advice, diagnosis or treatment by a healthcare professional.
© 2013 RelayHealth and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
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