Bacterial endocarditis is an infection of the lining inside the heart. Bacteria attach to the lining, usually on the heart valves. The bacteria grow there and can damage the valves.
Children with some kinds of heart defects or heart disease (such as rheumatic fever) are more likely to get this infection. Their healthcare provider may recommend that they take antibiotics before some procedures to help prevent infection.
Dental work that may cause bleeding is more likely to allow bacteria to get into the bloodstream. Your child’s healthcare provider may recommend antibiotics before dental treatments that may cut gums or other places inside the mouth, such as:
Your child does not need to take the medicine if there will be no bleeding. Dental work that usually does not cause bleeding includes:
Antibiotics are not needed when your child loses baby teeth.
Your child’s healthcare provider may recommend antibiotics before surgeries and procedures that involve:
Your child does not need antibiotics for procedures such as:
Always talk to your provider if you have any questions and be sure to tell your provider if your child is allergic to any medicines.