Glucagon shots are given to treat a dangerously low blood sugar. It may also be used when your child is vomiting and has low blood sugar because he or she cannot keep food down. Ask your child’s healthcare provider about this.
If your child has diabetes, talk to your provider about the need to keep glucagon on hand in case of an emergency.
Like insulin, glucagon is a hormone made in the pancreas. It has the opposite effect of insulin. It causes the liver to turn stored sugar into glucose—the form of sugar that your body uses for energy. When a child has type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not make enough glucagon just as it cannot make enough insulin. Insulin is needed to move sugar out of the blood and into the cells and keep the blood sugar from rising too high. And glucagon is needed to keep the level of sugar in the blood from dropping too low. If your child cannot make enough glucagon, he or she may not be able to raise the blood sugar level when it gets too low. The glucagon shot does the work of the pancreas and raises the blood sugar.
If you have any questions, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for more information. Be sure to keep all appointments for provider visits or tests.