Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is a serious problem caused by damage to the lining of blood vessels and red blood cells. The damaged red blood cells can block the tiny blood vessels in the kidneys. This makes it harder for the kidneys to remove wastes and extra fluid from the blood. The kidneys may stop working (kidney failure). Blood vessels in your child's intestines or brain may also be affected, causing bleeding in those areas.
HUS can be caused by
The first symptoms may include:
Symptoms that may come on later may include:
Your child’s healthcare provider will ask about your child’s symptoms and medical history and examine your child. Tests may include:
Your child will be treated in the hospital. The treatment will depend on your child’s condition. Your child may need:
In rare cases, your child may need a kidney transplant.
Follow the full course of treatment prescribed by your child’s healthcare provider. Ask your provider:
Make sure you know when you should bring your child back for a checkup.
HUS is most often caused by food contaminated with E. coli bacteria. Here are some things you can do to help prevent infection with bacteria: