Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is a disease caused by damage to the lining of blood vessels. The blood vessel damage causes the red blood cells to be damaged as well, and the damaged red blood cells clog the tiny blood vessels in the kidneys. This makes it harder for the kidney to remove wastes and extra fluid from the blood. It may cause the kidneys to stop working (kidney failure). Blood vessels in other parts of the body may also be affected.
HUS is most often triggered by infections from food that is contaminated with E. coli or other types of bacteria. It can also be caused by:
Symptoms may include:
Your child’s healthcare provider will ask about your child’s symptoms and medical history and examine your child. Blood tests will show how well your child's kidneys are working and will check your child's blood cells. Your healthcare provider may also check your child's urine for blood or protein and your child's stool for blood. In some cases your provider may use a needle to remove a small piece of kidney for tests (kidney biopsy).
Your child will be treated in the hospital. The treatment will depend on your child’s condition. Your child may need:
In rare cases, your child may need a kidney transplant.
Ask your child’s healthcare provider:
Make sure you know when you should bring your child back for a checkup.
HUS is most commonly caused by infection with E. Coli bacteria. Here are some things you can do to help prevent infection with bacteria:
There is no way to prevent HUS caused by medicines, bone marrow transplants, or other diseases.