Hiccups are strange gulping sounds caused by spasms of the diaphragm. The diaphragm is a dome-shaped muscle between the chest and the abdomen.
Hiccups may be caused by an over-full stomach from eating too much. The stomach presses against the diaphragm. A child may have hiccups after drinking too much soda.
Sometimes babies get hiccups while feeding. If this happens, try changing the baby's position. Also try to burp the baby. If the hiccups don't go away, give the baby a little water. Wait until the hiccups are gone before you try feeding again.
Give 1 teaspoon of dry granulated sugar to your child and have him swallow it quickly. If this doesn't work the first time, repeat it 3 times at 2-minute intervals. Babies can be given a swallow of water. The child should also lie down.
If this doesn't work, gag your child 1 or 2 times by pushing down on the back of the tongue with the handle of a spoon or a toothbrush.
Other ways to cause gagging are rubbing the uvula or soft palate with a cotton swab, or pulling the tongue outward with the fingers.
Call IMMEDIATELY if:
The hiccups last more than 3 hours (the usual time needed to empty the stomach) and your child is uncomfortable.