A hyphema is a pool of blood in the area between the iris, which is the colored part of your eye, and the cornea, which is the clear outer layer on the front of your eye. The blood can block light from reaching the back of your eye, or cause the pressure inside your eye to increase. Both of these can cause blurry vision.
If a hyphema is not treated, it can cause a permanent loss of vision.
A hyphema is usually caused in one of two ways:
Symptoms may include:
Your child’s healthcare provider will ask about symptoms and medical history, and do exams and tests such as:
Call your child’s healthcare provider right away if you notice blood in the front of the eye. Most of the time, the blood will go away on its own. Often, your healthcare provider will tell you to have your child:
Your child may need surgery to help clear the blood from the front of your eye. Your child is more likely to need surgery if:
The risk for the eye bleeding again is highest in the first week after the bleeding started. If the eye does not bleed again, the hyphema will usually heal in one or two weeks, depending on how much blood is present.
Follow the full course of treatment your healthcare provider prescribes. Ask your healthcare provider:
Make sure you know when your child should come back for a checkup. Your child may be at risk for other eye conditions such as glaucoma because of the hyphema.