Insulin is used to treat diabetes. It is a hormone normally made by the pancreas. (The pancreas is a large gland behind the stomach.) Insulin moves sugar from digested food out of the blood and into the cells, where it is used for energy.
Children with diabetes have problems with insulin. Because of these problems, sugar cannot get into the cells. Instead, it stays in the blood. This causes high blood sugar. Too much sugar in the blood can damage the blood vessels and organs.
Your child needs the right kind of insulin at the right times during the day. The amount and kind of insulin is very important. If your child takes too much insulin or takes it at the wrong time, your child could have a serious low blood sugar reaction. If your child doesn't take enough insulin, the body will not be able to use food for energy and the blood sugar will be too high.
Your child’s body needs insulin to move sugar from the blood into the cells, where it is burned for energy. The body cannot turn sugar into energy without insulin. If insulin is not available, sugar builds up in the blood.
There are 3 main types of insulin:
Your child's healthcare provider may prescribe a combination of different types of insulin to match your child's eating schedule and lifestyle.
If you have any questions, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for more information.