Kidney injuries include bruises, cuts, and tears of the kidneys. The kidneys are inside the belly, on either side of the spine just above the waist. They make urine by taking waste products and extra salt and water from the blood. Small tubes called ureters carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder. The bladder stores the urine. Urine then goes out of the body through a tube called the urethra.
Common causes of kidney injuries are:
Guns or knives can also injure the kidney.
Symptoms may include:
Your healthcare provider will ask about your child’s symptoms and medical history and examine your child. Tests may include:
Most kidney injuries do not need surgery. Your child may need to rest in bed for a day or two while the kidney heals.
Your child may need surgery if:
If your child has pain, give acetaminophen. Check with your healthcare provider before you give any medicine that contains aspirin or salicylates to a child or teen. This includes medicines like baby aspirin, some cold medicines, and Pepto-Bismol. Children and teens who take aspirin are at risk for a serious illness called Reye's syndrome. Do not give your child ibuprofen (Advil) unless your healthcare provider says that it is OK.
Make sure your child drinks plenty of liquids.
Follow your child’s healthcare provider's instructions. Ask your provider:
Make sure you know when your child should come back for a checkup.