A nonverbal learning disability (NLD) causes problems understanding body language, facial expressions, and tone of voice. A child with NLD also has trouble with balance and doing physical things.
NLD is caused mostly by problems in the right side of the brain. Problems during pregnancy or birth increase the risk that your child will have NLD, such as:
Serious infections as a young infant also may increase the risk. NLD affects boys and girls equally.
Children with NLD may also have autistic spectrum disorder, or other learning disorders that sometimes run in families.
Your child may talk early and know more words than other children of the same age. However, your child may have trouble with:
Your child may also:
Your healthcare provider will ask about your child's symptoms and medical history and examine your child. Sometimes scans of the brain will be done to screen for any physical problems.
Your child may need to see a specialist. They can do more testing and advise you about treatment. Your school district may also provide testing services for your child.
Several kinds of therapy can help treat NLD:
Medicines are generally not helpful for NLD, but may help with some symptoms.
For more information, see: