The spine is made up of bones that normally stack one on top of the other in a straight line. Scoliosis means that the spine curves from side to side rather than running straight down the back. Scoliosis most often affects the bones in the upper back.
Scoliosis develops slowly. It is usually first noticed just before or during puberty when a child goes through a growth spurt. Occasionally, scoliosis is diagnosed during infancy. Females have scoliosis more often than males.
The curvature in your back will never go away, but sometimes it doesn’t cause any symptoms or problems.
The exact cause of scoliosis is most often not known. It may be caused by:
At first, scoliosis does not cause pain and there may not be any clear symptoms. When symptoms do occur, they may include:
Your healthcare provider will ask about your child’s symptoms and medical history and examine your child. X-rays can be taken to measure the curvature.
Your healthcare provider will suggest treatment based on your child’s age, how much your child is likely to grow, how much the spine curves, and symptoms. Your child may be referred to a back specialist. If your child’s curvature is mild, treatment may be limited to regular checkups every few months to see if the curvature is getting worse. Treatment for more severe curvature may include:
Here are some of the things you should encourage your child or teen to do so there is less strain on the back:
Teens diagnosed with scoliosis may feel very self-conscious. If your child is anxious or depressed, seeing a mental health therapist may be helpful.
You can get more information from: