A scrape, or abrasion, is an area of skin that has been scraped during a fall (for example, a floor burn or skinned knee).
First, wash your hands. Then wash the wound thoroughly for at least 5 minutes with warm water and soap. The area will probably need to be scrubbed several times with a wet gauze to get all the dirt out. You may have to remove some dirt particles (for example, gravel) with a tweezers. If there is tar in the wound, it can often be removed by rubbing it with petroleum jelly, followed by soap and water again. Pieces of loose skin should be cut off with sterile scissors, especially if the pieces of skin are dirty. Rinse the wound well.
Apply an antibiotic ointment and cover the scrape with a Band-Aid or gauze dressing. This is especially important for scrapes over joints (such as the elbow, knee, or hand) that are always being stretched. Cracking and reopening at these sites can be prevented with an antibiotic ointment, which keeps the crust soft. Cleanse the area once a day with warm water and then reapply the antibiotic ointment and dressing until the scrape is healed.
Because abrasions can hurt badly, give acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil) as needed.
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