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Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM): References

National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Arteriovenous malformations and other vascular lesions of the central nervous system fact sheet. Updated December 31, 2019. Accessed January 2020.

Arteriovenous malformation. NORD National Organization for Rare Diseases. 2013. Accessed January 2020.

Arteriovenous malformations. American Association of Neurological Surgeons. Accessed January 2020.

What is an arteriovenous malformation (AVM)? American Heart Association. Updated December 5, 2018. Accessed January 2020.

Mohammed E, Kass-Hout T, Kass-Hout O, et al. Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) in the pediatric population: review of the existing literature. Interventional Neurology. Interv Neurol. 2016 Sep; 5(3-4): 218–225.

Blauwblomme T, Bourgeois M, Meyer P, et al. Long-term outcome of 106 consecutive pediatric ruptured brain arteriovenous malformations after combined treatment. Stroke. Stroke. 2014;45:1664-1671.

Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). Radiological Society of north America. Updated March 20, 2019. Accessed January 2020.

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