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Hypospadias: References

Kliegman, R.M., Stanton, B., St. Geme, J., Schor, N., and Behrman, R. (2011). Anomalies of the Penis and Urethra. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics, 19th Ed; Ch 538, 1852-1858. Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders.

Mayo Clinic, dated Jan. 22, 2011 by Mayo Clinic Staff. Accessed 10/7/13 - http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/hypospadias/DS00884.

Hypospadias. The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia. March 2011. Web. http://www.chop.edu/healthinfo/hypospadias.html.

MedlinePlus, last updated 10/9/2012 by Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA and Louis S. Liou, MD, PhD, reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA. Accessed 10/6/13 - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001286.htm.

Centers for Disease Control, last reviewed 07/12/13, last updated 07/12/13. Content source - Division of Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, NCBDDD, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Accessed 10/7/13 - http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/birthdefects/hypospadias.html.

Urology Care Foundation, last reviewed 01/11, last updated 03/13. No author listed. Accessed 10/7/13 - http://www.urologyhealth.org/urology/index.cfm?article=130.

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