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Metered-Dose Inhaler, How to Use with a Spacer: Teen Version: References

Asthma medication delivery: mists and myths. Rottier BL, Rubin BK. Paediatr Respir Rev. 2013 Jun;14(2):112-8; quiz 118, 137-8. doi: 10.1016/j.prrv.2013.02.013. Epub 2013 Mar 21. PMID: 2352298

Guidance on handheld inhalers in asthma and COPD guidelines.

Dekhuijzen PN, Bjermer L, Lavorini F, Ninane V, Molimard M, Haughney J.

Respir Med. 2014 Mar 1. pii: S0954-6111(14)00088-2. doi: 10.1016/j.rmed.2014.02.013. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24636812

Use of breath-actuated inhalers in patients with asthma and COPD - an advance in inhalational therapy: a systematic review.

Salvi S, Gogtay J, Aggarwal B. Expert Rev Respir Med. 2014 Feb;8(1):89-99. doi: 10.1586/17476348.2014.854168. Epub 2013 Dec 10. PMID: 24325614 [PubMed - in process]

The Asthma Center. Spacer instructions. 2011.

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Expert Panel Report 3: Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Asthma, Full Report 2007. NIH publication 07-4051. US Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Heart Lung and Blood Institute, Aug. 28, 2007. Accessed December 17, 2007 from <>

Expert Panel Report 3 (EPR-3): Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of asthma-summary report 2007. J Allergy Clin Immunol 120 (2007):S94-138.

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